A History of the Solar System by Claudio Vita-Finzi

As we move with ever greater confidence between the planets, their moons, a few comets and asteroids, and some grains of dust, and prepare to enter interstellar space almost 20 billion km from Earth after a journey of 36 years at 61,000 km/hr, it seems a good moment to consider the history of the only planetary system we are currently capable of exploring in any detail. But the discovery of over two thousand planets which are orbiting stars other than our own Sun will undoubtedly spur humanity before long to find ways of visiting those alien worlds in one way or another. This short book outlines a story which spans 4.5 billion years and which is the fruit of a few millennia of naked eye observation, four centuries of squinting through telescopes, and sixty years informed by orbiting satellites and manned and unmanned probes and landers, profound laboratory studies, and imaginative hypotheses. My principal aim is to link events dating back billions of years which we can glimpse among the stars with our everyday concerns on Earth and to demonstrate that the solar system continues to evolve and diversify. Although the chapters are broadly in chronological order, I have tried to get away from the ‘one era after another’ scheme by devoting successive chapters to a brief history of ideas about the solar system; the raw materials of which the solar system is constructed; their assembly into solid, gaseous, and icy bodies; the evolution of the solar system’s key player, the Sun; the major changes undergone by the planets and moons after they had formed; the emergence of life; and some of the current changes that help us understand the solar system’s past. Some of the material is difficult but so is the subject matter, and the drift will usually be clear from the context. Above all, I hope to have conveyed the excitement and wonder that comes from looking up—at the sky and in the library.