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A History of the Solar System by Claudio Vita-Finzi

As we move with ever greater confidence between the planets, their moons, a few comets and asteroids, and some grains of dust, and prepare to enter interstellar space almost 20 billion km from Earth after a journey of 36 years at 61,000 km/hr, it seems a good moment to consider the history of the only planetary system we are currently capable of exploring in any detail. But the discovery of over two thousand planets which are orbiting stars other than our own Sun will undoubtedly spur humanity before long to find ways of visiting those alien worlds in one way or another. This short book outlines a story which spans 4.5 billion years and which is the fruit of a few millennia of naked eye observation, four centuries of squinting through telescopes, and sixty years informed by orbiting satellites and manned and unmanned probes and landers, profound laboratory studies, and imaginative hypotheses. My principal aim is to link events dating back billions of years which we can glimpse among t…

Riyasat by Aflatoon

Along with his teacher,Socrates, and his most famous student,Aristotle, Plato laid the very foundations ofWestern philosophyandscience. Alfred North Whiteheadonce noted: "the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato. In addition to being a foundational figure for Western science, philosophy, and mathematics, Plato has also often been cited as one of the founders ofWestern religionandspirituality.Friedrich Nietzsche, amongst other scholars, calledChristianity, "Platonism for the people.Plato's influence onChristian thoughtis often thought to be mediated by his major influence onSaint Augustine of Hippo, one of the most importantphilosophersandtheologiansin thehistory of Christianity. Plato was the innovator of the writtendialogueanddialecticforms in philosophy, which originate with him. Plato appears to have been the founder of Westernpolitical philosophy, with hisRepublic, andLawsamong ot…

Iqbal Aur Mulla by Dr Khalifa Abdul Hakeem

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known asAllama Iqbalwas a poet, philosopher, and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholarinBritish Indiawho is widely regarded as having inspired thePakistan Movement. He is called the "Spiritual father of Pakistan".He is considered one of the most important figures inUrdu literature,with literary work in both theUrduandPersianlanguages. Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet byPakistanis,Indians,Iranians,Bangladeshis,Sri Lankansand other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed "Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times".His first poetry book,Asrar-e-Khudi, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry includeRumuz-i-Bekhudi,Payam-i-MashriqandZabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these, his best known Urdu works areBang-i-Dara,Bal-i-Jibril,Zarb-i Kalimand a part ofArmughan-e-Hijaz. Along with his Urdu and Persian poetry, his Urdu and English…

Rich Dad Poor Dad Urdu

The book is the story of a person (the narrator and author) who has two fathers: the first was his biological father – the poor dad - and the other was the father of his childhood best friend, Mike – the rich dad. Both fathers taught the author how to achieve success but with very disparate approaches. It became evident to the author which father's approach made more financial sense. Throughout the book, the author compares both fathers – their principles, ideas, financial practices, and degree of dynamism and how his real father, the poor and struggling but highly educated man, paled against his rich dad in terms of asset building and business acumen. The author compares his poor dad to those people who are perpetually scampering in the Rat Race, helplessly trapped in a vicious cycle of needing more but never able to satisfy their dreams for wealth because of one glaring lack: financial literacy. They spend so much time in school learning about the problems of the world, but have …

Anti Terrorism Act 1997 in Urdu

Anti-terrorism legislationare laws with the purpose of fightingterrorism. They usually, if not always, follow specificbombingsorassassinations.Anti-terrorismlegislation usually includes specific amendments allowing the state to bypass its own legislation when fighting terrorism-related crimes, under the grounds of necessity.
Because of this, suspension of regular procedure, such legislation is sometimes criticized as a form oflois scélérateswhich may unjustly repress all kinds of popular protests. Critics often allege that anti-terrorism legislation endangers democracy by creating astate of exceptionthat allowsauthoritarianstyle of government.
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Bruce Lee - Fighting Spirit by Bruce Thomas

Lee Jun-fan ( November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American martial artist, actor, philosopher, filmmaker,[4] and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do. Lee was the son of Cantonese opera star Lee Hoi-chuen. He is widely considered by commentators, critics, media, and other martial artists to be one of the most influential martial artists of all time,[5] and a pop culture icon of the 20th century.[6][7] He is often credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films.[8]
He is noted for his roles in five feature-length films: Lo Wei's The Big Boss (1971) and Fist of Fury (1972); Golden Harvest's Way of the Dragon (1972), directed and written by Lee; Golden Harvest and Warner Brothers' Enter the Dragon (1973) and The Game of Death (1978), both directed by Robert Clouse.[11] Lee became an iconic figure known throughout the world, particularly among the Chinese, as he portrayed Chinese nationali…

Ya Pekhawara Pa Tha Sa Shwe De by Shoaib Khan Khattak

Peshawar was known inSanskritasPuruṣapura , literally meaning "city of men".It also found mention in theZend Avestaas, theseventh most beautiful place on earthcreated byAhura MazdaIt was known as the "crown jewel" ofBactriaand also held sway overTakshashila(modernTaxila). Being among the most ancient cities of the region between Central and South Asia, Peshawar has for centuries been a center of trade betweenBactria, South Asia and Central Asia. As an ancient center of learning, the 2nd century BC.Bakhshali Manuscriptused in theBakhshali approximationwas found nearby. Vedic mythologyrefers to an ancient settlement calledPushkalavatiin the area, after Pushkal, presently known asCharsadda.In recorded history, the earliest major city established in the general area of Peshawar was calledPuruṣapura(SanskritforCity of Men), from which the current name "Peshawar" is likely derived and was western capital of Ghandhara civilization after Pushkalavati. The area th…

Nazar Panra by Eng Farooq Khan Farooq

Pashto(English pronunciation: rarelyPashtoPax̌tōknown inPersianliterature asAfghānīand inUrduandHindiliterature asPaṭhānī,is theSouth-Central Asianlanguage of thePashtuns. Its speakers are called Pashtuns or Pukhtuns and sometimes Afghans or Pathans.It is anEastern Iranian language, belonging to theIndo-European family.Pashto is one of the twoofficiallanguages of Afghanistan,and it is the second-largest regional language ofPakistan, mainly spoken in the west and northwest of the country.Pakistan'sFederally Administered Tribal Areas(FATA) are almost 100% Pashto-speaking, while it is the majority language of the province ofKhyber Pakhtunkhwaand the northern districts ofBalochistan. Pashto is the main language among thePashtun diasporaaround the world. The total number of Pashto-speakers is estimated to be 45–60 million people worldwide. Pashto belongs to the Northeastern Iranian group of theIndo-Iranianbranch, butEthnologuelists it as Southeastern Iranian. Pashto has two main dialec…

Bitcoin For Dummies - 1st Edition (2016)

Welcome to Bitcoin For Dummies! But just what is bitcoin?  How can there be digital money? Is it, like, some kind of  Internet money? Is it something you should even be concerned about, or indeed should you shy away from it? In the news, bitcoin 
coverage tends to be sketchy. You may have read articles about  people losing their money, or using bitcoin for illicit purchases on the black market. Or you may have read amazing success stories of people and businesses flourishing by using it. Fear not, dear readers. This book strips away the mystery and gets down to the facts. It patiently explains exactly what bitcoin is, discusses some of the possibilities this wonderfully disruptive yet  inspirational technology holds, and lays out some of the potential  benefits for all of us. Bitcoin could change our lives in a similar way that the Internet has done over the last few decades.In short, this book tells you everything you need to know to get  started. So what are you waiting …