Saturday, October 17, 2015

Deewan e Khatir Afridi

Khatir Afridi was born as Misree Khan in 1929, at Landi Kotal, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan near the border of Afghanistan, and died on August 24, 1961. Misree Khan was born to Afridi parents of the Zakka Khel clan. He was a prominent poet of the Pashto language but died young. He left behind a son, who has compiled all of his father's work into a volume.
Khatir was a few days old when his father died but his grandfather and uncle reared him very well and raised him like a son# Khatir, unfortunately, could not go to school# He took up a job at the Khyber Rifle's camp as a gardener and later on entered the line of private business. But he was fond of poetry and he learned to compose verses to the tunes of the rabab which was played by the maestro, Bagh-i-Haram, a resident of Malikdeen Khel who lived very close to Khatir.

Sunday, August 23, 2015

Qeesa Zama da Adabi jund by Ajmal Khatak


Ajmal Khattak Born in Akora Khattak on 15 September 1925, as a child he was greatly influenced by Bacha Khan. By the time he turned 17, he was already an active member of the Quit India Movement. He was a student then at the Government High School, Peshawar, but he left to contribute more to the movement. It was the beginning of a political career that stretched over five decades during which his literary pursuits and education took several painful turns. However, he did return to his studies completing a masters in Persian from Peshawar University. At Islamia College, Peshawar, he was among the pioneers who put Pushto literature on the 'modern' track. Linking it to European literature, particularly English, he was able to give it new direction and was acclaimed as a progressive poet
In the 1993 general elections, Ajmal Khattak lost his re-election bid in Nowshera to the PPP candidate Major General Naseerullah Babar. As a leading critic of the PPP, it was important for the ANP – IJI alliance to have Ajmal Khattak in parliament, and he was therefore nominated to the Senate of Pakistan in March 1994. His two terms as President of the Awami National Party were noted primarily for the close alliance with former opponents, the Muslim League, after the alliance collapsed in January 1998 over the renaming of the province of NWFP to Pakthunkhwa and Khattak role in leading the Awami National party briefly into joining an alliance known as the Pakistan Oppressed Nations Movement (PONM). The decision to join PONM was made despite strong pressure from party critics who preferred the ANP to ally themselves with a Federal party like the Peoples Party. Eventually, Khattak succumbed to party pressure and the Awami National Party left PONM,  joining the Grand Democratic Alliance which included the Pakistan People’s Party.
He was ousted as ANP President in 2000, after a protracted power struggle with Nasim Wali Khan, wife of Khan Abdul Wali Khan, triggered by accusations of his closeness to Pervez Musharraf and his criticism of corrupt politicians in a press conference. Deciding to leave the party he briefly led a splinter group called National Awami Party of Pakistan. His Party was routed in the 2002 general elections amidst the religio-political parties alliance, Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA), sweep of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. After the shock victory of the MMA, he rejoined the Awami National Party after efforts by Khan Wali Khan. He retired from active politics in 2003 and was given the title of party patron in Chief

Khattak died at a local hospital in Peshawar on Sunday, 7 February 2010. He was 85. He had left politics years earlier and had been residing at his native village, Akora Khattak. He was laid to rest a day after his death.  On 12 May 2012, Khattak's shrine was blown up by unknown militants in Akora Khattak village

Here is Ajmal Khattak’s life story in his own words for online reading or downloading free.

                                 Click Here to Download

Monday, August 17, 2015

Ghazi Ilm Deen Shaheed by Zafar Iqbal


Ilm-ud-din (4 December 1908 – 31 October 1929) was a Muslim who murdered a book publisher named Mahashe Rajpal for publishing the book Rangila Rasul, that supposedly offended religious values of Muslims. For this his name is often mentioned in Muslim sources with the honorifics Ghazi and Shaheed.
Here is a complete life story of Ghazi Ilm Deen Shaheed by Zafar Iqbal Nagina for free downloading or online reading.

                               Click Here to Download 

Sunday, August 16, 2015

Nemgarey Arman by Ahad Amin Khaki


Pashtun culture  is based on Bani Israel God and Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life, as well as speaking of the Pashto language and wearing Pashtun dress. The culture of the Pashtun people is highlighted since at least the time of Herodotus (484-425 BC) or Alexander the Great, when he explored the Afghanistan and Pakistan region in 330 BC. The Pashtun culture has little outside influence and, over the ages, has retained a great degree of purity.
Afghanistan and K.P.K was noted for its poetic language even before the Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. The Pata Khazana contains Pashto poetry written as far back as the 8th Century. Some notable poets from the region of Afghanistan-Pakistan include Amir Kror Suri, Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Nazo Tokhi, Ahmad Shah Durrani, Timur Shah Durrani, Shuja Shah Durrani, Ghulam Muhammad Tarzi, Khan Abdul Ghani Khan, and many others.
Pashtun men usually gather at special events and listen to Pashto poetry. There are TV programs which broadcast such events to the wider Pashtun audiences.
There are hundreds and thousands of anonymous pashto language poets, although they are great poets but because of their crucial financial condition they could't get their right place in pashto society.

Indeed there is a very small part of pashto literature and pashto books available on the net,and if there is some books or documents, they are bound with strong copyright notices.
Library of Peshawar is proudly presenting pashto books completely free of cost and copyrights with a humble request of not using in commercial ways.
Nemgarey Arman is a collection of pashto poetry by Ahad Amin Khaki, available for free download only at the Library of Peshawar.


Friday, August 14, 2015

Pakhwaney Qissay by Gul Umar Umar Afridi

The vast majority of Pashtuns are found in the traditional Pashtun homeland, located in an area south of the Amu Darya in Afghanistan and west of the Indus River in Pakistan, which includes Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and part of Balochistan. Additional Pashtun communities are located in western and northern Afghanistan, the Gilgit–Baltistan and Kashmir regions and northwestern Punjab province of Pakistan. There are also sizeable Muslim communities in India, which are of largely Pashtun ancestry. Throughout the Indian subcontinent, they are often referred to as Pathans. Smaller Pashtun communities are found in the countries of the Middle East, such as in the Khorasan Province of Iran, the Arabian Peninsula, Europe, and the Americas, particularly in North America.
Important metropolitan centres of Pashtun culture include  Peshawar, Quetta,  Kandahar, Jalalabad, Kunduz, and Lashkar Gah. There are a number of smaller Pashtun-dominated towns such as Swat, Khost, Mardan, Asadabad, Gardēz, Farah, Pul-i-Alam, Mingora, Bannu, Parachinar, Swabi, Maidan Shar, Tarinkot, Sibi, zhob, Loralai, and others. The cities of Kabul and Ghazni in Afghanistan are home to around 25% Pashtun population while Herat and Mazar-i-Sharif each has at least 10%. With as high as 7 million by some estimates, the city of Karachi in Sindh, Pakistan has the largest concentration of urban Pashtuns in the world. In addition, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, and Lahore also have sizeable Pashtun populations.
About 15%  of Pakistan's nearly 200 million population is Pashtun. In Afghanistan, they are the largest ethnic group and make up between 42-60% of the 32.5 million population. The exact figure remains uncertain in Afghanistan, which is also affected by the 1.5 million or more Afghan refugees that remain in Pakistan, a majority of which are Pashtuns. Another one million or more Afghans live in Iran. A cumulative population assessment suggests a total of around 49 million individuals all across the world.

In fact this book contains on stories which nearly every pashtoon have heard in their childhood.
I am also a pathan, in my case, i had heard some of them in a time, when there were only three televisions in our whole village ( 1988). 
This book is a part of Pashtoon Culture, its available only at the 
Library of Peshawar.
Read it online or download for free. 

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Learn MS Office 2010 by Zahid Sharjeel



A complete illustrated guide for those who want to learn complete ms office in urdu. step by step learning tutorials explained in friendly manner.as we know the importance of ms office in every office, shop or general use.
Read it online or download for free.
New features also include a built-in screen capture tool, a background removal tool, new SmartArt templates and author permissions. The 2007 "Office Button" was replaced with a menu button that leads to a full-window file menu, known as Backstage View, giving easy access to task-centered functions such as printing and sharing. A notable accessibility regression from 2007 is that the menu button scores worse with the Fitts's law accessibility calculation than previous versions. A modified Ribbon interface is present in all Office applications, including Office Outlook, Visio, OneNote, Project, and Publisher. Office applications also have functional jump lists in Windows 7, which would allow easy access to recent items and tasks relevant to the application. Features of Office 2010 include: 
  
  Ribbon interface and Backstage View across all applications

      Background Removal Tool

      Letter Styling

      The Word 2007 Equation editor is common to all applications, replacing             Microsoft Equation Editor 3.0

      New SmartArt templates

      New text and image editing effects

      Screen Capturing and Clipping tools

      Live collaboration functions

      Jump lists in Windows 7

      New animations and transitions in PowerPoint 2010

      View Side by Side/Synchronous Scrolling in Word 2010


A new feature in Microsoft Office 2010 is Outlook Social Connector, which allows users to connect to and receive updates from their social network inside Microsoft Outlook. When users view their emails a name, picture, and title is available for the person they are contacting. Upcoming appointments can also be viewed with this new feature and users can request friends. Outlook Social Connector currently supports Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace and Windows Live Messenger.

                                      Click Here to Download 

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Changez Khan by Herald Liam


Genghis Khan (1162 – 18 August 1227), born Temüjin, was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.
He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed "Genghis Khan," he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia. 
Here is an urdu translation of the history of Changez Khan by the great history writer Herald liam for free download or online reading.

                           Click Here to Download

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Finite Maths by Seymour Lipschutz

     Seymour Saul Lipschutz is an author of technical books on pure mathematics and probability, including a collection of Schaum's Outlines.
    Lipschutz received his Ph.D. in 1960 from New York University's Courant Institute . He received his BA and MA degrees in Mathematics at Brooklyn College. He was a mathematics professor at Temple University, and before that on the faculty at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn.
Here is a great book on the tough subject of Mathematics.read it online or download for free

      Finite mathematics has in recent years become an integral part of the mathematical background necessary for such diverse fields as biology, chemistry, economics, psychology, sociology, education, political science, business and engineering. This book, in presenting the more essential material, is designed for use as a supplement to all current standard texts or as a textbook for a formal course in finite mathematics.

    The material has been divided into twenty five chapters,  since the logical arrangement is thereby not disturbed while the usefulness as a text and reference book on any of several levels is greatly increased. The basic areas covered are:  logic; set theory; vectors and matrices; counting – permutations, combinations and partitions; probability and Markov chains; linear programming and game theory. The area on vectors and matrices includes a chapter on systems of linear equations; it is in this context that the important concept of linear dependence and independence is introduced. The area on linear programming and game theory includes a chapter on inequalities and one on points, lines and hyperplanes; this is done to make this section self contained.

                                       Click Here to Download

Monday, July 20, 2015

Visual Basic 6 Blackbook by Steven Holzner


This book has been designed to give you the coverage you just won’t find in any other book. Other books often omit not only the larger topics, like deploying your program after you’ve created it and creating Help files, but also the smaller ones, like covering in depth just about every control that comes with Visual Basic, including the ActiveX controls—from the MS chart control to flat scroll bars, from the serial port comm control to the Internet transfer control.
Really this is a black book , read an decide.
Welcome to our big book on Visual Basic. It’s no secret that Visual Basic is the
favorite programming environment of many programmers. (In fact, you’re reading a book written by one of those programmers right now.) When Visual Basic first appeared, it created a revolution in Windows programming, and that revolution continues to this day. Never before had Windows programming been so easy—just build the program you want, right before your eyes, and then run it. Visual Basic introduced unheard-of ease to Windows programming and changed programming from a chore to something very fun.
We’ll start with an overview of Visual Basic, taking a look at topics common to the material in the rest of the text. In this chapter, we’ll create the foundation we’ll rely on later as we take a look at the basics of Visual Basic, including how to create Visual Basic projects and seeing what’s in such projects. We’ll also get an overview of essential Visual Basic concepts like forms, controls, events, properties, methods, and so on. And we’ll examine the structure of a Visual Basic program, taking a look at variables, variable scope, and modules. In other words, we’re going to lay bare the anatomy of a Visual Basic program here.

                                       Click Here to Download

XHTM ,HTML and CSS Bible Steven M. Schafer



Steven M. Schafer is a broad technologist and a veteran of publishing. He’s been in and around technology as a programmer, an editor, a product specialist, a technical manager, and a Web developer. Steve employs both open-source and proprietary technologies and has worked with the Internet since the mid-1990s.
This book is geared toward a wide audience. Readers who are just getting started with HTML and Web content will benefit the most, as this book provides both a solid learning foundation as well as ample reference material for later perusal. Experienced users will find the chapters covering new standards and technologies to be the most useful, but also will appreciate having a
comprehensive reference for consultation. Although the Web is technical in nature, this book boils down the technology into simple and straightforward terms. Whether you qualify as a computer scientist or as a computer neophyte,

you will be able to understand, adopt, and deploy the information throughout this book.As the Web continued to be adopted outside of the government and educational sectors, it became more consumer-savvy. Many companies began using the Web infrastructure for marketing and support purposes, while many Web developers began to target a wider, nontechnical, audience. By the early 2000s, the Web was accessible by almost any network-connected computer, many electronic devices, and some unlikely consumer devices such as automobiles. Each of these connected devices uses the same type of connection, the same languages to define documents, and the same protocols to send the information.

                                      Click Here to Download

NTS Solved Papers by Dogar Publishers


A complete Guide book for NTS for those who want success in NTS.
All the departments are using NTS for enrolling employees in Pakistan,therefore it is very essential material.Library of Peshawar offer it free downloading or online reading.

Controversy erupted in 2007 following the mandating of NTS testing, first announced by Khalid Maqbool, Governor of Punjab, with regards to admission to universities and later set aside by the government unless the laws regarding university admission were amended. Criticism included allegations that the services were inconvenient to access and prohibitively expensive to economically challenged students. Maqbool called for input from the vice-chancellors of Punjab's public universities on 4 June. That year, each university department was permitted to set its own entrance requirements, with six of 64 departments at Punjab University electing to utilize tests from NTS. In October 2007, the vice-chancellor of Punjab University, Muhammad Arif Butt, endorsed the use of NTS testing in all departments of the university.  NTS director Dr. Haroon Rasheed said that no tuition centres are associated with the service and NTS exams will not be out of course
NTS is a Member of the International Association for Educational Assessment, USA (IAEA).It is also recognized by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC). The NTS was developed to ensure quality educational standards in Pakistan and to "provide a national scale for comparative grading between institutes,  consolidating examination boards under one administrating body. According to Shahid Siddiqui, director of The Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences at the Lahore School of Economics, tests implemented prior to the development of the NTS were criticized as not accommodating socio-cultural differences, resulting in a need for "an indigenous testing service that should design and develop testing materials within an indigenous context. Prominent Pakistani institutions like COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT),Bahauddin Zakariya University (BZU) and Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering (CASE) have made it compulsory for students seeking admission to have cleared tests conducted by NTS.


Click Here to Download

Sunday, July 19, 2015

HTML WebDesign in 7 days by Siamak Sarmady

A very great book for those who want to learn HTML with the easiest way, with the help of this book anybody can learn HTML course just within a week.
We are preparing its urdu translation which will be published soon Here.
Read this book online or download for free.
Web pages are ordinary files with “.htm” or “.html” file extensions. They contain a code named "hyper text mark-up language" or html. This codes when viewed in a browser like Internet Explorer or Firefox or other web browsers will be seen as a web page. Web pages you see in a browser might seem simple, but the code under the web page may sometimes be complicated.
You can use a web page editor like Microsoft FrontPage, Adobe Dreamweaver or similar to create web pages. Webpage editor software works like Microsoft Word™ (a complicated editor program used for creating and editing pages of books, letters etc.). You just type text, insert graphics and finally save your document as an html web page. Web page design software will generate the html code in background and saves it in html file. Designing web pages in such software can be very easy. But if you are going to create dynamic, well designed, professional web pages you will find that this is not a good option. A professional web developer needs to understand the html code itself very well.
Second option is to learn html codes and write html pages in a simple text editor. As mentioned earlier, your codes will be seen as WebPages when viewed in a web browser. After you have learned html code and you are confident about your HTML knowledge, you can use web page design software like Dreamweaver to speed up the process of editing pages.

                                     Click Here to Download

Latoon k Bhoot by Aitbar Sajid


Aitbar Sajid  is one of the best known Urdu poets of our time, born in Multan Division now lives in Islamabad. His poetry has attracted millions.
His name appeared in the circle of Urdu Adab 27 years ago. He is a well known Poet, Essay writer, travelogue writer and short story writer but his poetry made him known to each Urdu lover. Many compilations of his poetry have been published. 
Here is an interesting book by Aitbar Sajid for online reading or downloading free

                                              Click Here to Download

Lambi Larki Rajinder Singh Bedi



Rajinder Singh Bedi (September 1, 1915 – 1984) was an Urdu writer of progressive writers' movement, playwright, who later became a Hindi film director, screenwriter and dialogue writer.
As a screenwriter and dialogue writer, he is best known for Hrishikesh Mukherjee's films Abhimaan, Anupama and Satyakam; and Bimal Roy's Madhumati. As a director he is known for Dastak (1970), starring Sanjeev Kumar and Rehana Sultan and Phagun (1973), starring Dharmendra, Waheeda Rehman, Jaya Bhaduri and Vijay Arora.

Bedi is considered one of the leading 20th century progressive writers of Urdu fiction, and one of the most prominent Urdu fiction writers. He is most known for his "disturbing" Partition of India tales.
Read online or download for free Rajendar singh bedi's Lambi Larki.

                                     Click Here to Download

Saturday, July 18, 2015

Bang e dara By Allama Iqbal


Sir Muhammad Iqbal  (9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938), widely known as Allama Iqbal ,was an academic, poet, barrister, philosopher, and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature,with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.
Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Pakistani, Indian, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan and other international scholars of literature.
Here is  Allama Iqbal 's Bang e Dara for free online reading or downloading.

                                 Click Here to Download 

Raw Ki sazish by A.Hameed


Abdul Hameed (1928 – 29 April 2011) was an Urdu fiction writer from Pakistan, who wrote over two hundred books.He passed his secondary education in Amritsar. He migrated to Lahore after the independence of Pakistan in 1947 and passed intermediate in Pakistan as a private candidate and join Radio Pakistan as assistant script editor. After working at Radio Pakistan for several years he joined Voice of America.
Read Online or download for free A.Hameed's Raw Ki Sazish.

                                      Click Here to Download


In the Line of Fire in Urdu by Parvez Musharraf


Pervez Musharraf was born on 11 August 1943 to an Urdu-speaking family in Delhi, India, four years before independence. He is the son of Syed and Zarin Musharraf. His father, Syed Musharraf, graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, in Aligarh, India and was a civil servant for the Government Of India. His mother, Zarin, born in the early 1920s, also worked as an academic and graduated from Aligarh Muslim University.
Morever he is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star rank army general who tenured as the tenth President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation to avoid impeachment in 2008.
Here is an Urdu translated book of Parvez Musharaf for online reading or free downloading.

                                       Click Here to Download

Guloona Takaloona By Ajmal Khattak


Ajmal Khattak (15 September 1925 – 7 February 2010) was a Pakistani politician, writer, Pashtun poet, Khudai Khidmatgar, former President of Awami National Party and close friend of the late Khan Wali Khan.
He was the author of many books in Pashto and had written 13 books in Pushto and Urdu including a History of Pushto Literature (in Urdu) 'Pakistan Main Qaumi Jamhoori Tehrikin, Da Ghirat Chagha, Batoor, Gul auo Perhar, Guloona auo Takaloona, Jalawatan ki Shairee, Pukhtana Shora and Da Wakht Chagha. In 2006, the Torlandi Pukhto Adabi Tolana, Swabi, conferred on Ajmal Khattak the title of Baba-i-Nazam at a big public mushaira.
His work has been the subject of renewed interest by the South Asian Studies Department at the University of Pennsylvania, which has translated his works into English.
From boyhood, Ajmal Khattak was exposed to independence political movements, for the hujra (guesthouse) at Akora Khattak had been a focal point for dissidence since the days when Khushal Khan Khattak raised his banner against the Moghul Emperor, Aurangzeb, in the seventeenth century. The Pushtun have never been completely united, partly because so few live scattered over such a large area, and splits in political loyalty at the tribal level occurred among the Khattak even as Khushal fought the Moghuls.
Successive attempts to unite the Pushtun by conquest by the Afghan Durrani Empire (1747-1793), the Sikh Empire of the Punjab (1801-1849), and the gradual absorption of most of the Indian subcontinent in the nineteenth century by the British accentuated these divisions. Tribes and elements within tribes became known as either pro-British or anti-British. The khans of the pro-British units usually were awarded tracts of land in the Settled Districts of the North-West Frontier Province (N-WFP) now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Baluchistan, or elsewhere.
Here is a great book of the great pushtoon for online reading or downloading free.

                                   Click Here to Download

Thursday, July 16, 2015

Lewantob by Akmal Lewaney

Pashto-speakers have long had a tradition of oral literature, including proverbs, stories, and poems. Written Pashto literature saw a rise in development in the 17th century mostly due to poets like Khushal Khan Khattak (1613–1689), who, along with Rahman Baba (1650–1715), is widely regarded as among the greatest Pashto poets. From the time of Ahmad Shah Durrani (1722–1772), Pashto has been the language of the court. The first Pashto teaching text was written during the period of Ahmad Shah Durrani by Pir Mohammad Kakerr with the title of Ma'refa al-Afghāni (“Introduction of Afghani [Pashto]”). After that, the first grammar book of Pashto verbs was written in 1805 in India under the title of Riāz al-Muhabat(“Training in Affection”) through the patronage of Nawab Mohabat Khan, son of Hafiz Rahmat Khan, chief of the Barech. Nawabullah Yar Khan, another son of Hafiz Rahmat Khan, in 1808 wrote a book of Pashto words entitled Ajāyeb al-Lughat("Wonders of Languages").

Here is a very nice book of pashto poetry by akmal lewaney, it reflects pashtoon culture in every verse, a lot of video poetry by akmal lewaney is available on youtube.
Read online Lewantob of Akmal Lewaney from Shamozo, Mardan, or Free download for offline Reading.

                                         Click Here to Download

Parts of Speach Made Easy by Afzal Anwar Mufti


English words are not generally marked as belonging to one part of speech or another; this contrasts with many other European languages, which use inflection more extensively, meaning that a given word form can often be identified as belonging to a particular part of speech and having certain additional grammatical properties. In English, most words are uninflected, while the inflective endings that exist are mostly ambiguous: -ed may mark a verbal past tense, a participle or a fully adjectival form; -s may mark a plural noun or a present-tense verb form; -ing may mark a participle, gerund, or pure adjective or noun. Although -ly is a frequent adverb marker, some adverbs (e.g. tomorrow, fast, very) do not have that ending, while some words with that ending (e.g. friendly, ugly) are not adverbs.
Many English words can belong to more than one part of speech. Words like neigh, break, outlaw, laser, microwave, and telephone might all be either verbs or nouns. In certain circumstances, even words with primarily grammatical functions can be used as verbs or nouns, as in, "We must look to the hows and not just the whys." The process whereby a word comes to be used as a different part of speech is called conversion or zero derivation.
By the end of the 2nd century BC grammarians had expanded this classification scheme into eight categories, seen in the Art of Grammar, attributed to Dionysius Thrax.
1.   Noun : a part of speech inflected for case, signifying a concrete or abstract entity
2.   Verb : a part of speech without case inflection, but inflected for tense, person and number, signifying an activity or process performed or undergone
3.   Participle : a part of speech sharing features of the verb and the noun
4.   Article : a declinable part of speech, taken to include the definite article, but also the basic relative pronoun
5.   Pronoun : a part of speech substitutable for a noun and marked for a person
6.   Preposition : a part of speech placed before other words in composition and in syntax
7.   Adverb : a part of speech without inflection, in modification of or in addition to a verb, adjective, clause, sentence, or other adverb
8.   Conjunction : a part of speech binding together the discourse and filling gaps in its interpretation

A best book by afzal anwar mufti especially for those beginners who want to learn english without the help of teacher.there is a whole series of made easy by the same author.we'll try to provide as much books of the author as possible.

                             a good book is a unique gift.

Read Parts of Speech made easy online or download for free.

                                           Click Here to Download