Monday, March 28, 2016

Vladimir Holan - Selected poems

Vladimir Holan was born in Prague in 1905. He spent his childhood in the rolling wooded countryside of central Bohemia but returned to Prague for his secondary
schooling. In 1926 he published his first book of verse. For the next seven years he worked in a social insurance (pensions)officeand during this time published two further volumes of poetry. In 1929 he visited northern Italy; the fascination of its architecture, scenery and cultural past colours some of his later poetry. In 1933 he became editor of an arts review, Zivot (Life), but since 1940 has given
all his time to writing. He has published more than twenty volumes of poetry, apart from various selections and anthologies, and four prose works, including Lemuria (1940), his diary of the years 1934-8.

MCQs in Computer Science

This book is primarily written for undergraduate students of computer Science seeking admission to master’s program in computer science through examinations like GATE and GRE (in computer science). It will also be helpful for those taking computer science tests conducted by some companies for recruitment. It contains more than 1800 questions from the core areas of computer science. The questions are grouped subject wise.
The book now has sixteen chapters. The first chapter deals with the programming language C that is still popular  in spite of its age. The second chapter contains questions on UNIX, which has become popular due to its simple and easy to understand structure. In the third chapter, a veriety of problems based on the principles of programming languages are discussed.
The fourth chapter, Mathematical Foundations of computer science, has been revamped. It has questions based on the mathematical principles that are vital to the better understanding of computer science. Numerous problems from operations research, numerical methods, matrices and determinants, permutations and combinations, probability and statistics, discrete math, calculus and theory of equations are included in this chapter. In almost all the other chapters also some revision has been effected and additional questions included.

A new chapter on Oracle that covers SQL, PL/SQL, SQL *Plus, FORMS and REPORTS has been added towards the end of the book. Also included is the computer science question paper for GATE 2005 as an appendix. This will help the students in the preparation of their GATE examination.

Quantum Computing Explained by David McMohan

At the present time quantum computers are mostly theoretical constructs. However, it has been proved that in at least some cases quantum computation is much faster in principle than any done by classical computer. The most famous algorithm developed is Shor’s factoring algorithm, which shows that a quantum computer, if one could be constructed, could quickly crack the codes currently used to secure the world’s data. Quantum information processing systems can also do remarkable things not possible otherwise, such as teleporting the state of a particle from one place to another and providing unbreakable cryptography systems.
A classical computer has a memory made up of bits, where each bit is represented by either a one or a zero. A quantum computer maintains a sequence of qubits. A single qubit can represent a one, a zero, or any quantum superposition of those two qubit states; a pair of qubits can be in any quantum superposition of 4 states, and three qubits in any superposition of 8 states. In general, a quantum computer with  qubits can be in an arbitrary superposition of up to 2^ndifferent states simultaneously (this compares to a normal computer that can only be in one of these  states at any one time). A quantum computer operates by setting the qubits in a controlled initial state that represents the problem at hand and by manipulating those qubits with a fixed sequence of quantum logic gates. The sequence of gates to be applied is called a quantum algorithm. The calculation ends with a measurement, collapsing the system of qubits into one of the pure states, where each qubit is zero or one, decomposing into a classical state. The outcome can therefore be at most classical bits of information. Quantum algorithms are often non-deterministic, in that they provide the correct solution only with a certain known probability.

An example of an implementation of qubits of a quantum computer could start with the use of particles with two spin states: "down" and "up" (typically written   and , or  and ). But in fact any system possessing an observable quantity A, which is conserved under time evolution such that A has at least two discrete and sufficiently spaced consecutive eigenvalues, is a suitable candidate for implementing a qubit. This is true because any such system can be mapped onto an effective spin-1/2 system.

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Jahan e Deedah By S.MuftiTaqi Usmani

This is an Urdu language book of journey.Mr.Muhammad Taqi Usmani visited twenty countries and wrote the whole story in this book. This is an interesting book for general readers full of new experiences outside the home country.

Writer of this book started his journeys from the sacred places of Muslim world, various journeys of the writer were published in "Al Ablagh" in series.

In this book the author collected all these journeys. Read and have fun.

The English Language From Sound to Sense

The Perspectives on Writing series addresses writing studies in a broad sense.Consistent with the wide ranging approaches characteristic of teaching
and scholarship in writing across the curriculum, the series presents works that take divergent perspectives on working as a writer, teaching writing,
administering writing programs, and studying writing in its various forms.

When you read, watch for unfamiliar words or phrases or words used in unfamiliar ways. Try to determine their meaning by the other information you are given in the sentence or paragraph. Re-read a paragraph and state it in your own words. Start by thinking, "This paragraph says that…" or "This probably means…."Re-read. If you find reading a textbook somewhat difficult, read a few pages and then go back and read them again. Many times your knowledge of the topic will increase as you read further, so that when you re-read earlier material you understand it more easily and clearly.

Using a dictionary to check the meaning of a word is worth the time. Keep a dictionary handy. Look up meanings of words that you come across in your reading and then use that meaning to re-state the information in a way that is clearer to you. Looking up words just for fun is not necessarily a useful exercise because you do not see or hear the terms used in a sentence or paragraph—that is, "in context." Your understanding and your memory are much better when you see a term in a specific context.

The existence of words is usually taken for granted by the speakers of a language. To speak and understand a language means - among many other things - knowing the words of that language. The average speaker knows thousands of words, and new words enter our minds and our language on a daily basis. This book is about words.
More specifically, it deals with the internal structure of complex words, i.e. words that are composed of more than one meaningful element. Take, for example, the very word meaningful, which could be argued to consist of two elements, meaning and -ful, or even three, mean, -ing, and -ful. We will address the question of how such words are related to other words and how the language allows speakers to create new words. For example, meaningful seems to be clearly related to colorful, but perhaps less so to awful or plentiful. And, given that meaningful may be paraphrased as ‘having (a definite) meaning’, and colorful as ‘having (bright or many different) colors’, we could ask whether it is also possible to create the word coffeeful, meaning ‘having coffee’. Under the assumption that language is a rule-governed system, it should be
possible to find meaningful answers to such questions.

Thursday, March 17, 2016

KPK Police A1 and B1 Exams Notes

We are thankful to Mr.Fakhre Alam (Police Department) for providing us this useful book.
further Library of Peshawar's team took three days in scanning and converting it to pdf form,
this book is totally free for downloading only for educational purposes.

Tuesday, March 15, 2016

KPK Police Civil Defence Fire Man by Hidayat Ullah Khalil

Another Hot topic for the youths of kpk police.this is the first chapter of fireman course in civil depence category.
We thank Mr. Fakhre Alam for this useful post, by the help of whom we are able to make this available online.

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Wednesday, March 9, 2016

KPK Police B1 Exam Notes

Complete Notes for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police Exam B-1 in Urdu language.
Available for online reading or free downloading.

Sunday, March 6, 2016

Dilchasp Anokhy Waqiat by Mulana Arsalan

This is an urdu language book of interesting accidents and life changing events.we believe that a good book is a good friend and a very good gift.
This book is available for free online reading and downloading.

Pakistan Affairs MCQs Book

A very useful book for competative exams and general readers for expanding your Pakistan knowledge in the for of short questions.
This book is available for online reading or downloading.

Pakistan officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 199 million people.  It is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area with an area covering 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast respectively. It is separated fromTajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. A regional and middle power. Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world and is also a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, being the only nation in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia, to have that status. It has a semi-industrialized economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector; its economy is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and 45th largest in terms of nominal GDP and is also characterized among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world

Friday, March 4, 2016

Pakistan Foriegn Policy 1947-04

A Detailed book on Pakistan Foreign Policy from 1947 to 2004, and a nice material for the students of competative exams.available for online reading and free download.

Pakistan's Foreign Policy: an Overview, a briefing paper by PILDAT, is a special presentation in the context of the PILDAT Short Course for Parliamentarians and Politicians on The Foreign Policy Process in Pakistan. Developed by PILDAT, as a part of the Pakistan Legislative Strengthening Consortium - PLSC, supported financially by the USAID, the paper looks at the major foreign policy phases and development of perspectives in the foreign policy of Pakistan. The paper has been especially commissioned by PILDAT to provide a comprehensive overview of Pakistan's foreign policy from 1947-2004. The briefing paper, essentially prepared for parliamentarians, can also serve as a stand-alone reference document on the foreign policy of Pakistan to-date.
Authored by the renowned defence and political analyst, Prof. Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi, the paper attempts to present an objective and factual commentary, covering accurate history and shaping of foreign policy perspectives. PILDAT strongly feels that foreign policy should be reviewed and influenced by the supreme policy-making institution of the country: Parliament. It is in this perspective that PILDAT bids to provide an objective and comprehensive overview of the Pakistani foreign policy since

Independence so as to orient parliamentarians towards the dynamics, actors and influencing factors on foreign policy.

Click Here to Download 

1000 Khubsurat Ashaar

Top 1000 urdu ashaar in clear display converted to pdf book by the library of peshawar.

Brush Up Your Poetry!

A very precious guide for thos people who are interested in english poetry. this book consists of some master piece of the greatest poets of english language.
This book is available for free download and online reading.

      Poetry is as old as Western culture itself. Our earliest narratives— including the Hebrew Bible and the works of Homer—are written in verse. For centuries, poetry was synonymous with literature; practically every great literary work, and most minor ones, were verse: the Greek drama, the Classical epics, The Divine Comedy, Shakespeare's plays and sonnets—all are written in verse.
      Poetry obviously doesn't get the respect it used to. There's been a recent revival of interest, in caf├ęs, in bookstores, and even on television. But for many, poetry is just something they were forced to read in school. They find it difficult and pretentious, or vague and melodramatic. Poetry still has prestige, but few read or speak it.
      At least, few realize they're speaking it. Hardly a day goes by when you don't either hear or quote a poetic phrase. It might not even sound like verse—take "getting and spending," coined by William Wordsworth, or "in one ear and out the other," by Chaucer. You may associate poetry with metaphors and symbols, such as Eliot's wasteland or Poe's croaking raven. But more often cited are the everyday truths well said, elegant yet direct: "truth is stranger than fiction" (Lord Byron), "fools rush in where angels fear to tread" (Alexander Pope), or "things fall

apart" (W.B.Yeats).